Richard Murphy is a graduate in economics and accountancy from Southampton University, and was then articled to Peat Marwick Mitchell & Co., a forerunner of KPMG in London. Since 2003 he has been researching and campaigning on economic and taxation policy issues. He founded the Tax Justice Network and is director of Tax Research LLP, which undertakes work on taxation policy for aid agencies, unions, NGOs, and others. Murphy has helped to reshape the debate on international tax policy, for example through the creation of country-by-country reporting. As principal researcher of the Tax Justice Network until 2009, he helped to put tax havens on the international agenda. He is a coauthor of Tax Havens: How Globalization Really Works (2009) and the author of The Courageous State: Rethinking Economics, Society and the Role of Government (2011).